IJSPR: Volume 12 Number 01
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IJSPR - Volume 12, Number 01

Published On : June 2015
SNo. Paper Title & Authors Page
Abstract: The use of technology for adult education has been growing exponentially in recent years. Utilization of ICT and access to information differ significantly when the users in developed and developing countries are compared. This discrepancy can be attributed to a number of challenges that confront the users. This paper, therefore, examines the utilization of ICT in promoting adult and non-formal education in Nigeria. It also discussed some concepts, ICT and national development, selected case studies, challenges and came up with recommendations.
Keywords:Information and Communication Technology, Adult education, Non-formal education.
Abstract: Contemporary advances in wireless sensor networks have resulted in many new protocols specifically designed for sensor networks where power awareness is most important consideration. Most of the attentiveness, however, has been given to the routing protocols on the grounds that they would differ depending on the applying and network structure. This paper surveys latest routing protocols for sensor networks and presents the principal categories of routing protocols depending upon the key network parameters taken as basis for protocol. The paper provides the basic brief understanding of routing protocol according to their category.
Keywords:Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN), Routing Protocols.
Abstract: Additive Manufacturing (AM) has found one of its most innovative and versatile applications in the field of medicines and healthcare. AM technologies are presently not only being used to fabricate prototypes for training, simulation and pre-surgical planning of complex surgical procedures but also for producing end-use metallic customized implants, prosthetic limbs and medical tools. This paper discusses the key AM technologies, biomaterials, various medical applications of AM and the methodology to obtain medical prototypes and implants from Computer Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan data. Three case studies have also been included at the end.
Keywords:Additive Manufacturing, Computer Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Digital Imaging and Communication in Medicine (DICOM), Surface Tessellation File (STL), Implant, Prosthesis.
Abstract: The present study explores the non-monetary motivational drivers in the garment workers and examining its effect on performance of the workers. A survey was conducted on 60 garment workers from one of well known garment industry based in Delhi NCR to collect the data. The finding of the study indicated that there is a gap between the manager’s and worker’s perspective regarding motivation and that non-monetary rewards helps to increase the motivation of worker so that they can perform better in their work place. Also if there are strong policies for motivation, the attrition rate of good workers are reduced.
Keywords:Non-monetary motivation, garment workers, rewards, gap, policy.
Abstract: Artificial intelligence techniques are being used effectively in medical diagnostic support tools to increase the diagnostic accuracy and provide some additional knowledge that can help in diagnosis. Classification of electroencephalogram (EEG) signals is an important basis for a brain-computer interface (BCI) systems. In this paper an effort is made to review some of these techniques which are applied on standard five EEG datasets (A-E) and give a brief comparison for the same in terms of classification accuracy of EEG data. Feature extraction techniques and neural network is used to classify the data. Wavelet Transform (WT), Principle Component Analysis (PCA), Independent Component Analysis (ICA), etc. are feature extraction techniques. Literature presents different techniques to classify data such as probabilistic neural network (PNN), Support Vector Machine (SVM), Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), etc. Combination of WT and SVM improved the classification accuracy than other combinations such as DWT with ANN, ICA with MLPN, PCA with ANN and DWT with PNN.
Keywords:Electro-encephalogram (EEG), Wavelet Transform (WT), Principle Component Analysis (PCA), Support Vector Machine (SVM), Multilayer Perceptron Neural Network (MLPNN), Probabilistic Neural Network (PNN).
Abstract: Now a day there is rapid use of video-based applications has revealed the need for extracting the content in videos. As we are having Raw data and low-level features alone with video which is not sufficient to fulfil the user’s need, for the deeper understanding of the video we need to the understand the content of video at the semantic level is required. For the understanding meaning currently various manual techniques is available, which are inefficient, subjective and costly in time and limit the querying abilities, are being used to link the gap between low-level representative features and high-level semantic content. For remove the draw backs of this we need to purpose new technique that is a semantic content extraction system that allows the user to query and regain objects, events, and concepts that are obtained automatically. Proposed system is an ontology-based fuzzy video semantic content model that uses spatial/temporal relations in event and concept definitions. This Methods definition provides a wide-domain applicable rule construction standard that allows the user to construct ontology for a specified domain. In addition to domain ontology’s, we use additional rule definitions to lower spatial relation computation cost and to be able to define some complex situations more effectively.
Keywords:Semantic content extraction, video content modelling, fuzziness, ontology.
Abstract: Pharmaceutical Cocrystals is a popular but less studied class of Pharmaceutical compound with definite stoichiometries often stabilized by hydrogen bonding, which have recently emerged as interesting alternative solid forms with potential for improving the physical and biopharmaceutical properties of a drug substance. As technique provides tailoring of API to overcome problems associated with newly developed drug molecule it has attracted interest of Scientist. Even though cocrystallization is a powerful tool it is limited to lab scale development only. The aim of present article is to highlight advanced techniques which can be used in development of cocrystals.
Keywords:Novel methods, cocrystals, Cocrystal Advancements, Hydrogen bonding.
Abstract: The objective of this research was to formulate fast dissolving tablet of Hydralazine hydrochloride for rapid action. Hydralazine hydrochloride is a direct acting smooth muscle relaxant used to treat hypertension. It belongs to the hydrazinophthalazine class of drugs. Direct Compression method was adapted to prepare the tablets by using a 32 full factorial design. Co-Processing of excipients could lead to formation of excipients with superior properties compared with the simple physical mixture of their components or with individual components1. FT-IR and Dissolution studies revealed that there was no physico-chemical interaction between Hydralazine hydrochloride and other excipients. All formulations are evaluated for pre-compression and post-compression parameters, wetting time, weight variation, and friability. F7 batch contain Hydralazine hydrochloride (Drug), SSG (4%), Crosspovidone (2%) and other excipients. F7 batch was the optimized batch since it showed of Disintegration time (17sec), friability (0.91%) and %Drug release (98.70%).
Keywords:Hydralazine hydrochloride, Sodium Starch Glycolate, Crosspovidone, MCC, Co-Processing.
Abstract: Dextran a polymer of glucose is produced using sucrose rich media. In the present study an efficient isolate was isolated from batter dumped soil. It was morphologically, culturally, biochemically and genetically identified as Weissella confusa. The dextran produced had a low molecular weight as indicated by HPLC analysis. A production medium containing cheaper sucrose sources like cane juice or molasses along with organic nitrogen source like yeast extract was used. The dextran produced was recovered from broth by alcohol precipitation and the compound was stable for more than six months. This sample dextran was used for leavening of idli batter and compared with standard dextran for leavening. Idli batter samples with both sample dextran and standard dextran were tested for dextransucrase activity, dextranase activity and volume increase with variable time. Results indicated that the sample dextran added to idli raw material powders (cereal and legume) increased volume up to 50% within four hours, with good dextransucrase activity and no dextranase activity. Standard dextran (Commercial dextran) added to the similar such idli raw material powders increased in volume up to 46% in six hours. Similar leavening in wet idli batter took twelve hours for 40% increase in volume and showed good dextranase activity. These studies indicate that low molecular weight dextran can be produced using cheaper production medium by the present isolate and then used for commercial production of idli in shorter time using dry cereal and legume powders.
Keywords:Dextran, Dextransucrase, Dextranase, Leavening, Idli, Sucrose, Weissella confusa.
Abstract: The aim of this study is to formulate standard design procedure for automatic generation of disc cam profile for camshaft in single cylinder four stroke diesel engine using PTC Mathcad. The study focused on mainly single cylinder four stroke diesel engines. Calculations are carried out to formulate standard design procedure for disc cam and to understand its relationship with other operating parameters. Analytical calculations are highly complex and very difficult to perform using Microsoft Excel worksheet. So that, Mathcad can be extensively use for this type of complex calculations and formulations. Standard design procedure created using Mathcad calculates various changes in design parameters and modifies CAD model automatically. Mathcad has unique capability of assigning units for calculation notes in which Microsoft Excel lack behind. After performing whole calculations, the procedure is integrated with actual CAD model of the disc cam whose sketch is generated automatically using Mathcad. The requirements on the roller radius for the rolling motion of the roller relative to the cam contour are analysed. Camshaft lobe profile generation is very tedious and time consuming process in CAD. This process can be simplified to great extent by using methodology described in this paper.
Keywords:Cam contour, Movement law, Radius of roller, Formulation using Mathcad, Procedure of integration between Creo and Mathcad.