IJSPR: Volume 13 Number 02
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IJSPR - Volume 13, Number 02

Published On : July 2015
SNo. Paper Title & Authors Page
Abstract: Energy need of today’s modern world is growing day by days because of consumption of some or larger extent or amount of growing population. This project is about a swing, which is used by children for playing that produces electricity while being used. In the swinging action of swing makes the horizontal beam member turns through some angle continuous it’s to and fro motion. Now this motion is transferred to link which transfers this angular motion of the beam to rotary motion of the flywheel, which is rigidly connected at the end. The flywheel is connected to a generator by specific transmission to increase the speed at generator end. The generator converts the mechanical energy into electrical and thus electricity is produced. The swing generates electricity while being used. Along with this project uses that energy that is given a way in playing.
Keywords:Swing, Generator, Flywheel, Wheel, Bearings.
Abstract: The Impact Testing Machine is very important for testing and calculating the impact energy required to bent or to break the different types of materials by conducting Charpy and Izod test. The aim of the project is to model, and Analyse hammer of Impact Testing Machine. 3- dimensional model of hammer of impact testing machine will be created corresponding to the practical dimensions using PRO-E software and using ANSYS software the analysis of hammer have done. It will very beneficial for proper use of machine to find out energy require to break or bent the particular type of material in engineering field. Different principles for interaction with users having wide ranges of experiences and knowledge have discussed.
Keywords:Creo-parametric and Ansys Software, Analysis, Simulation.
Abstract: Personalized internet search (PWS) has incontestable its effectiveness in rising the standard of varied search services on the web. However, evidences show that users’ reluctance to disclose their non-public data throughout search has become a significant barrier for the wide proliferation of PWS. To tend to study privacy protection in PWS applications that model user preferences as stratified user profiles. To propose a PWS framework known as UPS that may adaptively generalize profiles by queries whereas respecting user-specified privacy needs. Our runtime generalization aims at hanging a balance between 2 prophetic metrics that valuate the utility of personalization and therefore the privacy risk of exposing the generalized profile. Tend to gift 2 greedy algorithms, specifically GreedyDP and GreedyIL, for runtime generalization. To additionally offer an internet prediction mechanism for deciding whether or not personalizing a question is useful. In depth experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of our framework. The experimental results additionally reveal that GreedyIL considerably outperforms GreedyDP in terms of potency.
Keywords:Web Search Engine, personalized search, user query logs, content search and privacy preserving.
Abstract: One of the most important properties of (digital) information is that it is in principle very easy to produce and distribute unlimited number of its copies. This might undermine the music, film, book and software industries and therefore it brings a variety of important problems concerning the protection of the intellectual and production rights that badly need to be solved. The fact that an unlimited number of perfect copies of text, audio and video data can be illegally produced and distributed requires studying ways of embedding copyright information and serial numbers in audio and video data. Watermarking is one of the main methods of the fast developing area of information hiding. The main goal of watermarking is to hide a message m in some audio or video (cover) data d, to obtain new data d', practically indistinguishable from d, by people, in such a way that an eavesdropper cannot remove or replace mind. The goal of watermarking is to hide message in one-to-many communications. Data hiding embeds data into digital media for the purpose of identification, annotation, and copyright. Several constraints affect this process: the quantity of data to be hidden, the need for invariance of these data under conditions where a "host" signal is subject to distortions, e.g., lossy compression, and the degree to which the data must be immune to interception, modification, or removal by a third party. We explore both traditional and novel techniques for addressing the data-hiding process and evaluate these techniques in light of three applications: copyright protection, tamper proofing, and augmentation data embedding.
Keywords:Digital Image Watermarking & Image Steganography
Abstract: Zinc oxide(ZnO) is one of the most widely used inorganic material since it has a wide bandgap of 3.37 eV and high mechanical and thermal stability. It belongs to II-VI semiconductor group. Doping with selective elements offers an effective method to enhance and control the electrical and optical properties of ZnO nanostructures, which is crucial for its practical applications. Mg-doped ZnO have significant interests owing to their unique optical, piezoelectrical and electrical properties. In this paper, we have reported the Synthesis of ZnO and Mg-doped ZnO nanoparticles using thioglycerol as a capping agent by using chemical precipitation method. The characterization of ZnO nanoparticles and Mg doped ZnO nanoparticles using UV spectrophotometer revealed a significant change in property due to doping and we observed the shift in the wavelength, this patent the change in the bandgap as well. The particle size was calculated using effective mass approximation method which comes out to be 3.77 nm for ZnO nanoparticles and 4.48 nm for Mg doped ZnO nanoparticles.
Keywords:ZnO; Mg doped ZnO; Precipitation; Bandgap; UV spectrophotometer.
Abstract: Solid lipid nanoparticles are the most promising drug delivery system for enhancement of aqueous solubility of highly lipophilic drug. Carvedilol is a nonselective beta-adrenergic blocking agent with alpha1-blocking activity and is indicated for the treatment of hypertension and mild or moderate heart failure but has very less aqueous solubility. Carvedilol loaded SLN’s were prepared using Compritol 888 ATO as lipid, Chloroform as organic solvent and Span 60 as lipophilic surfactant by using Solvent emulsification-evaporation method. These were characterized for Particle size determination, Percent entrapment efficiency, Drug content determination, X- ray diffraction, FTIR study.
Keywords:Carvedilol, solid lipid nanoparticles, Compritol 888 ATO,Solvent emulsification-evaporation method.
Abstract: The cryptography in digital computing has been applied to different kinds of digital file formats such as text, images video etc. Image encryption and decryption are essential for securing images from various types of security attacks. Earlier proposed schemes for encryption and decryption of images on each and every layer (red, green, blue) so its taking the maximum time. Our proposed approach, keys and the arrangement of RMAC parameters are mandatory. If we use the color index image instead of “RGB”, we have to encrypt only one layer (map) which reduced the 1/3 encrypted time approximately. We have also formulated a formula for all the possible range to choose keys for encrypting and decrypting an RGB image. So this approach can be used for transmission of RGB image data efficiently and securely through unsecured channels.
Keywords:PNG Image, SVD HASH and AES, USART, PWM, Microcontroller.
Abstract: This paper presents a comparatively analysis of the fast and saliency feature based tone mapping technique. After analysis of these techniques we had concluded that fast tone-mapping algorithm is most computationally efficient and easy but there may be some halo artifacts. While in Visual-Salience-based Tone mapping method for High dynamic range images the halo artifacts significantly reduced. Thus salience based tone mapping gives best visual image quality as compared to fast tone mapping method. The visual quality of tone-mapped image, especially attention-salient regions, is improved by the saliency-aware weighting. Experimental results show that the saliency-aware technique produces good results on a variety of high dynamic range images.
Keywords:HDR Imaging, Exposure Determination, Tone Mapping, Local Tone Mapping.
Abstract: In the proposed work, the effectiveness of providing the dampers with various type of arrangement for the structure subjected to real time earthquake ground motion is investigated. A space frame structure with six degrees of freedom is used to study the effectiveness of providing various types of arrangement. Three types of earthquakes are considered for the study. The variation of the structure with dampers is differentiated to the variation of the structure without dampers so as to study the effectiveness of providing various types of arrangement. The response of the structure obtained by providing various types of arrangement is be compared so as to propose the most effective arrangement of providing the damper to resist the structure subjected to earthquakes. In addition the effectiveness of providing dampers with various types of arrangement for a friction pendulum system (FPS) base isolated structure will also be studied. A computer program developed for the analysis of fixed base and base isolated structure will be modified so as to provide various types of dampers.
Keywords:Base isolated, FPS, dampers, space frame.
Abstract: In the present investigation an attempt has been made to study strength characteristics of M30 Grade concrete mixes with the replacement of cement by industrial by products such as Marble Powder (MP) and Fine aggregate replaced by Bagasse ash (SCBA).Further the replacement of MP 25% ranging from 5-25% by weight of cement and the replacement of BA Various from 5-25% by weight of Fine aggregate. The use of pozzolanic materials in concrete has demonstrated the significant influence in improving the properties viz: Fresh properties, setting time and compressive strength .The best approach is to develop a performance based specification of conventional and concrete mixes with different combinations with suitable water powder ratio. Further the fresh properties are Slump test and strength characteristics of concrete mixes developed in the laboratory with or without replacement with varying percentages of industrial by-products have been compared and behavior is studied with different curing ages.
Keywords:Concrete, Sugar cane bagasse ash, Marble dust.